Imagery

Geospatial Insight is the UK reseller for satellite imagery from the following providers:

Airbus

Providing high quality Earth Observation (EO) data since the launch of Spot-1 in 1986, Airbus operates a fleet of optical and radar EO satellites. As their partner, Geospatial Insight can provide its clients with imagery from a range of satellites, including Pléiades. The Pléiades 1A and Pléiades 1B satellites operate as a constellation in the same orbit, phased 180° apart. The identical twin satellites deliver very-high-resolution optical data products with an unrivalled reliability when it comes to collecting a new image. Key technical capabilities are summarised below:
• Launch Pléiades 1A: December 17, 2011; Pléiades 1B: December 2, 2012
• Orbit: Sun-synchronous, 10:30 AM descending node, 26-day cycle, 694-km altitude
• Spectral Bands: Panchromatic, Blue, Green, Red, Near Infrared for all acquisitions
• Product Resolution: Panchromatic: 0.5 m; Multispectral: 2 m
• Geolocation Accuracy: 8.5 m CE90 at Nadir
• Dynamic Range at Acquisition: 12 bits
• Swath width: 20 km at Nadir
• Revisit Capacity: Daily, everywhere
• Pointing Agility: Allows single pass collection scenarios over areas as big as 120 x 110 km, and also Stereo or Tristereo imagery acquisition.
• Acquisition Capacity: 700,000 km² / day (max. capacity), with an average of 500,000 km² / day – 1.2 times the equivalent of the Earth landmasses per year

Pleiades provides imagery which is optimised for precision mapping and in-depth intelligence gathering, and is particularly suitable for emergency response and up-to-daily change detection.
Radar imagery and 3D terrain data are accessed from the TerraSAR-X (2007) and TanDEM-X (2010) satellites offering a range of different resolutions, swath width and products. TerraSAR-X and its TanDEM-X twin fly in formation just a few hundred metres apart. They will soon be joined by the Spanish satellite PAZ, a third clone. All three satellites reliably acquire the widest range of radar images, from the highest resolution to very wide coverage – regardless of weather and day light conditions. Versatile and flexible, TerraSAR can collect vast areas in one image or acquire very high resolution images (25 cm resolution) of specific targets. TerraSAR provides a reliable and timely acquisition capacity, with daily revisit in most latitudes. Geolocation accuracy is excellent without the need for ground control.
Key technical capabilities are:
• Launch: TerraSAR-X: June 15, 2007; TanDEM-X: June 21, 2010, PAZ: Expected 2016
• Orbit: Sun-synchronous repeat orbit with 11 days repeat period (4 / 7 days in constellation with PAZ), equatorial passing time 06:00 AM (descending pass),
06:00 PM (ascending pass), 514-km altitude
• Centre Frequency: 9.65 GHz (X band)
• Polarization: Single, dual (quadruple during dedicated acquisition campaigns)
• Imaging Modes:
• Staring SpotLight Resolution: Up to 0.25 m Swath width: 4 x 3.7 km2
• High Res. Spotlight Resolution: Up to 1 m Swath width: 10 x 5 km2
• SpotLight Resolution: Up to 2 m Swath width: 10 x 10 km2
• StripMap Resolution: Up to 3 m Swath width: 30 x 50 km2
• ScanSAR Resolution: Up to 18.5 m Swath width: 100 x 150 km2
• Wide ScanSAR Resolution: Up to 40 m Swath width: 270 x 200 km2
• Geolocation Accuracy: Up to 1 m depending on incidence angle and DEM utilized for orthorectification
• Revisit Capacity: Daily for most latitudes with upcoming PAZ
• Acquisition Capacity: 5,400,000 km² / day (max. capacity) – with images as wide as 400,000 km² collected in a single pass.

WorldDEM™

In addition, Geospatial Insight can offer the unique WorldDEM™, which provides a consistent and accurate Digital Elevation Model (DEM) at a truly global scale, and with unrivalled accuracy and quality – these are the defining characteristics of the WorldDEM™. The accuracy providided surpasses that of any global satellite-based elevation model available today:
• Vertical accuracy of 2m (relative) / 4m (absolute)
• 12m x 12m raster
• Will be available for the entire landmass of the Earth – 150 Million km²
Initially three WorldDEM products will be available:
• WorldDEMcore
Unedited Digital Surface Model, containing radar artefacts and voids
• WorldDEM™
Edited Digital Surface Model with assured hydrological consistency (i.e.
flattening of water bodies, consistent flow of rivers, editing of shoreline)
• WorldDEM DTM
Digital Terrain Model representing the bare Earth terrain (vegetation and
man-made objects are removed)

Planet Labs (including RapidEye Data)

Leading a paradigm shift in access to EO imagery, Planet Labs has rapidly created an unrivalled constellation of nano satellites. Founded in 2010 by a team of ex-NASA scientists, Planet Labs objective is to create a constellation of satellites, and supporting infrastructure, to image the entire Earth every day, and to provide wide access to that data.
Two years after the first Planet Labs “Dove” satellite entered space, Planet have launched more than 100 of these satellites, and now operates the largest constellation of Earth-imaging satellites, with more than 40 satellites currently in orbit. Many more launches are scheduled for launch, including a launch of 32 satellites in April 2016, and the objective is to deploy and maintain a constellation of 150 satellites, providing daily images of each point on the Earth’s surface by the end of 2016.

The Dove micro-satellites are in the 4kg-class and operate in both near-polar, sun-synchronous orbit and in an ISS-like orbit (i.e. between 51.6 degrees north of the equator

and 51.6 degrees south of the equator), which is not surprising since to date most Planet satellites have been launched from the ISS.
Planet Labs data is available at a range of GSD’s between 3.7-5m, depending upon the satellite generation (the satellites and sensors are being constantly developed based on in-orbit testing and refinement of that experience – the current variant is the 13th since the launch of the first satellites in 2013) and orbit.
Data available today is RGB only (Red: 0.61–0.70 µm, Green: 0.50–0.59 µm, Blue: 0.42–0.53 µm), although Near Infrared imagery has been acquired and is planned for future launches.

Tasking is not possible with Planet Labs satellites, as the whole concept is based around near-continuous monitoring of all the Earth’s surface on a frequent (daily) basis.
Raw and processed data is made available, via an API, soon after acquisition via the Scene Explorer and Mosaic Explorer platforms. This approach is radically different to traditional means of accessing the data. For example, GSI have built a link to the API which allows a user to specify a number of Areas of Interest (AOI), and any Planet data acquired of those areas are automatically analysed for cloud cover, downloaded (if suitable) and then any gross change from the previous image is automatically detected and highlighted. Also, the Mosaic Explorer platform can use innovative, automated Pixel Compositor methodology to create a new type of “dynamic” mosaic , By algorithmically selecting the best pixel for any given location, mosaics can be quickly and accurately generated without further human input, composed only of the most up-to-date pixels. Full traceability of the actual images used is provided, allowing monthly and weekly composites to be created, with knowledge that the mosaic was only built from scenes in that period.
Highly cost-effective, Planet Labs enables entirely new monitoring solutions to be developed – at a relatively low resolution but at a very high temporal frequency, and with a high level of automation.

In addition, Planet Labs now owns and operates the Rapideye constellation. First launched in 2008, this constellation of five identical satellites has been operating successfully since early 2009. Capable of collecting 5 million sq km daily, the constellation is optimised provide large area coverage over a short period of time. Key characteristics of the RapidEye constellation and data it generates can be summarised as follows:

  • Number of Satellites: 5
  • Orbit Altitude: 630 km in Sun-synchronous orbit
  • Equator Crossing Time: 11:00 am (approximately)
  • Sensor Type: Optical multi-spectral push broom imager
  • Spectral Bands:
  • Blue: 440 – 510 nm
  • Green: 520 – 590 nm
  • Red: 630 – 685 nm
  • Red Edge: 690 – 730 nm
  • NIR: 760 – 850 nm
  • GSD (nadir): 6.5 m
    Pixel Size (orthorectified): 5 m
  • Swath Width: 77 km
  • On-board Data Storage: Up to 1500 km of image data per orbit
  • Revisit Time: Daily (off-nadir) / 5.5 days (at nadir)
  • Image Capture Capacity: 5 million km²/day
  • Camera Dynamic Range: 12 bit

In addition to the imagery, a range of value-added products are available, such as a large number of country-wide mosaics. Key features of these mosaics are:

• True natural colour in Red, Green, Blue (RGB) derived from RapidEye‘s 5 meter resolution satellite imagery
• Cloud-free imagery whenever possible (always less than 3%)
• The most current high-resolution mosaics available, with narrow acquisition windows
• Off-the-shelf or custom-made options

Urthecast (including Deimos Data)

Following the purchase of the Deimos satellite business, Urthecast can offer a unique blend of EO data to the user community, combining data from the proven Deimos-1 (22m, 660km swath, launched 2009) and Deimos-2 (1m, 12km swath, launched 2014) satellites with radical new imagery options created from the MRC Theia sensor and HRC Iris high-resolution video camera, both mounted on the International Space Station (ISS).
Deimos-2 provides 1.0 m resolution imagery for the Panchromatic channel and 4.0 m for the four Multispectral channels (Blue, Green, Red, Near Infra-red). With an average global revisit time of two days, Deimos-2 can provide high quality monitoring services which are very flexible – new targets can be tasked in less than 24 hours and the data, once acquired, delivered from satellite to user in less than 3 hours.
The unique High-Resolution Iris (HRC) video camera is mounted on a Bi-axial Pointing Platform (BPP) on the ISS and captures 1m-class, Ultra High-Definition (UHD) full-colour videos. These are made available as image stacks and videos, and can provide up to 90 seconds of “staring” video imagery of an event.

Beijing Space Eye International

Through its relationship with Beijing Space Eye (BSEI) Geospatial Insight can access data produced by a number of highly capable Chinese government satellite missions such as the TH-1 series (2m, 60km swath, launched 2010/2012/2015), ZY-3 (2m, 51km swath, launched 2012), GF-1 (2m, 70km swath, launched 2013) and GF-2 (0.8m, 45km swath, launched 2014). Substantial archives exist for all these satellites, and together they provide a powerful, cost-effective new addition to the mainstream of commercial Earth Observation resources.

ImageSAT

Geospatial Insight are a reseller of data from the EROS-A (2m, 15km swath width, launched 2000) and EROS-B (0.7m, 7km swath width, launched 2006) satellites, operated by our partner, Imagesat International. Both satellites produce very high quality panchromatic imagery, optimised for photointerpretation and mapping purposes.

EROS-A

  • Spatial Resolution: 2.0 meter/pixel at Nadir
  • Swath Width: 14 km at Nadir

EROS-B

  • Spatial Resolution: 0.7 meter/pixel at Nadir
  • Swath Width: 7 km at Nadir
    Example EROS-B Imagery, Manhatten and Brooklyn Bridges, New York, USA

Intermap

Intermap, Geospatial Insight’s partner, is a world leader in the provision of high quality elevation data at a global scale.
Intermap’s high-resolution NEXTMap database provides seamless, wide-area digital elevation data and images, collected using a variety of advanced technologies, to enable accurate geospatial analyses across the globe.
The NEXTMap high-resolution database consists of:
• A digital surface model (DSM) containing elevations of natural terrain features, in addition to vegetation and cultural features such as buildings.
• A digital terrain model (DTM), or bare-Earth model, produced by manually editing the DSM to remove vegetation and cultural features, leaving only elevations of natural terrain features.
• An orthrorectified radar image (ORI) offering a high-resolution, realistic view of topographic features like rivers and road networks, which can be produced regardless of cloud cover (unlike optical satellite imagery). This is effective for detailed feature collection.
Key features and benefits of the products are:
• Current terrain data, updated continuously, allowing more accurate cross-border geospatial analyses.
• Void-filled to eliminate gaps and interpolated data, allowing users to plan across large areas without worrying about seam lines or random errors.
• Intermap’s IFSAR sensors penetrate clouds, smoke, and haze to produce sharp, cloud-free, highly detailed images in all weather conditions.
The product are available in two versions:
• Hydro-enforced, ideal for water resource and floodplain management applications.
• Ortho-ready, ideal for orthorectification of optical images.

Intermap’s premium off-the-shelf product, the NEXTMap World 10 digital elevation model (DEM) provides seamless, best-in-class data to offer both a digital surface model (DSM) and, at long last, a digital terrain model (DTM) for the entire world. A 10-meter ground sampling distance (GSD) allows for demanding geospatial analyses anywhere on the planet. As the latest offering within Intermap’s NEXTMap product line, World 10 represents our most accurate global product ever.
World 10 features the following considerable improvements:
• Reduced noise in the DSM
• Enhanced terrain features
• Tight integration of all datasets within our fusion process
• Improved polar regions
• Improved coastal areas
With Intermap’s patent-pending Frequency Fusion process, World 10 has dramatically increased spatial density globally. This allows users to ortho-rectify higher resolution photos and see more in the DSM than ever before, enabling improved land planning strategy, better resource management, and the ability to take regional-based engineering projects to the next level.
Key Benefits and Features
• Worldwide Coverage: 100% inclusion of the Earth’s entire 150 million square kilometres enable comprehensive analysis.
• Global DTM: Obtain DTMs – with vegetation, buildings, and other features digitally removed – for any location in the world.
• Proprietary Data Filtering: Intermap’s Terrain Filter and Frequency Fusion technologies allow us to create the best next-generation global DSM within the NEXTMap product line.
• Enhanced Terrain Features: World 10 reveals terrain features that are not distinguishable in competitive digital elevation products.
• Improved Polar Regions: By filling voids, removing noise spikes, and normalizing and blending the best aspects of ASTER and GTOPO, elevation accuracies are vastly improved in the polar regions.
• Improved Coastal Areas: Improved accuracies through effective ISESat processing makes World 10 a valuable data source for natural resource management and other analyses tied to coastal data.
• Void-Filled Data: World 10 fills the voids and corrects the errors inherent in publicly available data for seamless coverage.
• Frequent Updates: World 10 is automatically and frequently enhanced with the latest elevation data for more informed decision making

With such a wide variety of providers Geospatial Insight has access to a ‘virtual satellite constellation’ providing imagery and data solutions for a wide range of applications. Whether you require single images over specific targets, or larger areas for ‘base mapping’, imagery intelligence, or near real-time on-demand imagery updates for critical locations, we have an imagery solution that will meet your requirements.


Copyright © AIRBUS Defence & Space. All rights reserved
Example Pleiades Image – Mudslide aftermath, Shenzhen, China


Copyright © AIRBUS Defence & Space. All rights reserved
Example TerraSAR-X Image – Shipping in the Panama Canal


© DLR e.V. 2015 and © Airbus DS/Airbus DS Geo GmbH 2015
Example WorldDEM™ Visualisation– Roggeveld Mountains, South Africa


Copyright Planet Labs, Inc.
Planet Labs Dove Satellite


Copyright Planet Labs, Inc
Example Planet Labs Data – Xinjiang Power Station, China


Image Copyright © BlackBridge
Example RapidEye Data – Sumatra, Indonesia


Image Copyright © BlackBridge
Example RapidEye Mosaic – Nigeria.


© DEIMOS Imaging, 2015
Example Deimos-2 Imagery, Dubai Dockyard, 2015


© Beijing Space Eye Innovation Technology Co., Ltd. Example TH-1 Imagery, Bingham Copper Mine, USA


©2015 ImageSat. Licensed by ImageSat International NV
Example EROS-B Imagery, Manhatten and Brooklyn Bridges, New York, USA.


Copyright ©2016 Intermap Technologies® Example NEXTMap World 10 DTM, Andes Mountains, Peru